Python绘制哆啦A梦、皮卡丘、圣诞树

Turtle库是python语言中一个很流行的绘制图像的函数库,想象一个小乌龟,在一个横轴为x、纵轴为y的坐标系原点,(0,0)位置开始,它根据一组函数指令的控制,在这个平面坐标系中移动,从而在它爬行的路径上绘制了图形。

  • 官网:https://docs.python.org/zh-cn/3/library/turtle.html

参考了网络代码,跟过turtle库用法可以参考turtle官网


turtle库绘制哆啦A梦

在这里插入图片描述

from turtle import *


# 无轨迹跳跃
def my_goto(x, y):
    penup()
    goto(x, y)
    pendown()


# 眼睛
def eyes():
    fillcolor("#ffffff")
    begin_fill()

    tracer(False)
    a = 2.5
    for i in range(120):
        if 0 <= i < 30 or 60 <= i < 90:
            a -= 0.05
            lt(3)
            fd(a)
        else:
            a += 0.05
            lt(3)
            fd(a)
    tracer(True)
    end_fill()


# 胡须
def beard():
    my_goto(-32, 135)
    seth(165)
    fd(60)

    my_goto(-32, 125)
    seth(180)
    fd(60)

    my_goto(-32, 115)
    seth(193)
    fd(60)

    my_goto(37, 135)
    seth(15)
    fd(60)

    my_goto(37, 125)
    seth(0)
    fd(60)

    my_goto(37, 115)
    seth(-13)
    fd(60)


# 嘴巴
def mouth():
    my_goto(5, 148)
    seth(270)
    fd(100)
    seth(0)
    circle(120, 50)
    seth(230)
    circle(-120, 100)


# 围巾
def scarf():
    fillcolor('#e70010')
    begin_fill()
    seth(0)
    fd(200)
    circle(-5, 90)
    fd(10)
    circle(-5, 90)
    fd(207)
    circle(-5, 90)
    fd(10)
    circle(-5, 90)
    end_fill()


# 鼻子
def nose():
    my_goto(-10, 158)
    seth(315)
    fillcolor('#e70010')
    begin_fill()
    circle(20)
    end_fill()


# 黑眼睛
def black_eyes():
    seth(0)
    my_goto(-20, 195)
    fillcolor('#000000')
    begin_fill()
    circle(13)
    end_fill()

    pensize(6)
    my_goto(20, 205)
    seth(75)
    circle(-10, 150)
    pensize(3)

    my_goto(-17, 200)
    seth(0)
    fillcolor('#ffffff')
    begin_fill()
    circle(5)
    end_fill()
    my_goto(0, 0)


# 脸
def face():
    fd(183)
    lt(45)
    fillcolor('#ffffff')
    begin_fill()
    circle(120, 100)
    seth(180)
    # print(pos())
    fd(121)
    pendown()
    seth(215)
    circle(120, 100)
    end_fill()
    my_goto(63.56, 218.24)
    seth(90)
    eyes()
    seth(180)
    penup()
    fd(60)
    pendown()
    seth(90)
    eyes()
    penup()
    seth(180)
    fd(64)


# 头型
def head():
    penup()
    circle(150, 40)
    pendown()
    fillcolor('#00a0de')
    begin_fill()
    circle(150, 280)
    end_fill()


# 画哆啦A梦
def Doraemon():
    # 头部
    head()

    # 围脖
    scarf()

    # 脸
    face()

    # 红鼻子
    nose()

    # 嘴巴
    mouth()

    # 胡须
    beard()

    # 身体
    my_goto(0, 0)
    seth(0)
    penup()
    circle(150, 50)
    pendown()
    seth(30)
    fd(40)
    seth(70)
    circle(-30, 270)

    fillcolor('#00a0de')
    begin_fill()

    seth(230)
    fd(80)
    seth(90)
    circle(1000, 1)
    seth(-89)
    circle(-1000, 10)

    # print(pos())

    seth(180)
    fd(70)
    seth(90)
    circle(30, 180)
    seth(180)
    fd(70)

    # print(pos())
    seth(100)
    circle(-1000, 9)

    seth(-86)
    circle(1000, 2)
    seth(230)
    fd(40)

    # print(pos())

    circle(-30, 230)
    seth(45)
    fd(81)
    seth(0)
    fd(203)
    circle(5, 90)
    fd(10)
    circle(5, 90)
    fd(7)
    seth(40)
    circle(150, 10)
    seth(30)
    fd(40)
    end_fill()

    # 左手
    seth(70)
    fillcolor('#ffffff')
    begin_fill()
    circle(-30)
    end_fill()

    # 脚
    my_goto(103.74, -182.59)
    seth(0)
    fillcolor('#ffffff')
    begin_fill()
    fd(15)
    circle(-15, 180)
    fd(90)
    circle(-15, 180)
    fd(10)
    end_fill()

    my_goto(-96.26, -182.59)
    seth(180)
    fillcolor('#ffffff')
    begin_fill()
    fd(15)
    circle(15, 180)
    fd(90)
    circle(15, 180)
    fd(10)
    end_fill()

    # 右手
    my_goto(-133.97, -91.81)
    seth(50)
    fillcolor('#ffffff')
    begin_fill()
    circle(30)
    end_fill()

    # 口袋
    my_goto(-103.42, 15.09)
    seth(0)
    fd(38)
    seth(230)
    begin_fill()
    circle(90, 260)
    end_fill()

    my_goto(5, -40)
    seth(0)
    fd(70)
    seth(-90)
    circle(-70, 180)
    seth(0)
    fd(70)

    # 铃铛
    my_goto(-103.42, 15.09)
    fd(90)
    seth(70)
    fillcolor('#ffd200')
    # print(pos())
    begin_fill()
    circle(-20)
    end_fill()
    seth(170)
    fillcolor('#ffd200')
    begin_fill()
    circle(-2, 180)
    seth(10)
    circle(-100, 22)
    circle(-2, 180)
    seth(180 - 10)
    circle(100, 22)
    end_fill()
    goto(-13.42, 15.09)
    seth(250)
    circle(20, 110)
    seth(90)
    fd(15)
    dot(10)
    my_goto(0, -150)

    # 画眼睛
    black_eyes()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    screensize(800, 600, "#f0f0f0")
    pensize(3)  # 画笔宽度
    speed(9)  # 画笔速度
    Doraemon()
    my_goto(100, -300)
    write('CSDN北山啦', font=("Bradley Hand ITC", 30, "bold"))
    mainloop()

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turtle绘制皮卡丘

在这里插入图片描述
import turtle

def getPosition(x, y):
        turtle.setx(x)
        turtle.sety(y)
        print(x, y)

class Pikachu:

    def __init__(self):
        self.t = turtle.Turtle()
        t = self.t
        t.pensize(3)
        t.speed(9)
        t.ondrag(getPosition)

    
        
    def noTrace_goto(self, x, y):
        self.t.penup()
        self.t.goto(x, y)
        self.t.pendown()

    def leftEye(self, x, y):
        self.noTrace_goto(x, y)
        t = self.t
        t.seth(0)
        t.fillcolor('#333333')
        t.begin_fill()
        t.circle(22)
        t.end_fill()

        self.noTrace_goto(x, y+10)
        t.fillcolor('#000000')
        t.begin_fill()
        t.circle(10)
        t.end_fill()

        self.noTrace_goto(x+6, y + 22)
        t.fillcolor('#ffffff')
        t.begin_fill()
        t.circle(10)
        t.end_fill()

    def rightEye(self, x, y):
        self.noTrace_goto(x, y)
        t = self.t
        t.seth(0)
        t.fillcolor('#333333')
        t.begin_fill()
        t.circle(22)
        t.end_fill()

        self.noTrace_goto(x, y+10)
        t.fillcolor('#000000')
        t.begin_fill()
        t.circle(10)
        t.end_fill()

        self.noTrace_goto(x-6, y + 22)
        t.fillcolor('#ffffff')
        t.begin_fill()
        t.circle(10)
        t.end_fill()

    def mouth(self, x, y):
        self.noTrace_goto(x, y)
        t = self.t

        t.fillcolor('#88141D')
        t.begin_fill()
        # 下嘴唇
        l1 = []
        l2 = []
        t.seth(190)
        a = 0.7
        for i in range(28):
            a += 0.1
            t.right(3)
            t.fd(a)
            l1.append(t.position())
        
        self.noTrace_goto(x, y)
        
        t.seth(10)
        a = 0.7
        for i in range(28):
            a += 0.1
            t.left(3)
            t.fd(a)
            l2.append(t.position())
        
        # 上嘴唇
        
        t.seth(10)
        t.circle(50, 15)
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(-50, 15)
        
        t.circle(-50, 40)
        t.seth(233)
        t.circle(-50, 55)
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(50, 12.1)
        t.end_fill()

        # 舌头
        self.noTrace_goto(17, 54)
        t.fillcolor('#DD716F')
        t.begin_fill()
        t.seth(145)
        t.circle(40, 86)
        t.penup()
        for pos in reversed(l1[:20]):
            t.goto(pos[0], pos[1]+1.5)
        for pos in l2[:20]:
            t.goto(pos[0], pos[1]+1.5)
        t.pendown()
        t.end_fill()

        # 鼻子
        self.noTrace_goto(-17, 94)
        t.seth(8)
        t.fd(4)
        t.back(8)

    # 红脸颊
    def leftCheek(self, x, y):
        turtle.tracer(False)
        t = self.t
        self.noTrace_goto(x, y)
        t.seth(300)
        t.fillcolor('#DD4D28')
        t.begin_fill()
        a = 2.3
        for i in range(120):
            if 0 <= i < 30 or 60 <= i < 90:
                a -= 0.05
                t.lt(3)
                t.fd(a)
            else:
                a += 0.05
                t.lt(3)
                t.fd(a)
        t.end_fill()
        turtle.tracer(True)

    def rightCheek(self, x, y):
        t = self.t
        turtle.tracer(False)
        self.noTrace_goto(x, y)
        t.seth(60)
        t.fillcolor('#DD4D28')
        t.begin_fill()
        a = 2.3
        for i in range(120):
            if 0 <= i < 30 or 60 <= i < 90:
                a -= 0.05
                t.lt(3)
                t.fd(a)
            else:
                a += 0.05
                t.lt(3)
                t.fd(a)
        t.end_fill()
        turtle.tracer(True)

    def colorLeftEar(self, x, y):
        t = self.t
        self.noTrace_goto(x, y)
        t.fillcolor('#000000')
        t.begin_fill()
        t.seth(330)
        t.circle(100, 35)
        t.seth(219)
        t.circle(-300, 19)
        t.seth(110)
        t.circle(-30, 50)
        t.circle(-300, 10)
        t.end_fill()
        

    def colorRightEar(self, x, y):
        t = self.t
        self.noTrace_goto(x, y)
        t.fillcolor('#000000')
        t.begin_fill()
        t.seth(300)
        t.circle(-100, 30)
        t.seth(35)
        t.circle(300, 15)
        t.circle(30, 50)
        t.seth(190)
        t.circle(300, 17)
        t.end_fill()
    

    def body(self):
        t = self.t

        t.fillcolor('#F6D02F')
        t.begin_fill()
        # 右脸轮廓
        t.penup()
        t.circle(130, 40)
        t.pendown()
        t.circle(100, 105)
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(-100, 5)

        # 右耳朵
        t.seth(20)
        t.circle(300, 30)
        t.circle(30, 50)
        t.seth(190)
        t.circle(300, 36)

        # 上轮廓
        t.seth(150)
        t.circle(150, 70)
        
        # 左耳朵
        t.seth(200)
        t.circle(300, 40)
        t.circle(30, 50)
        t.seth(20)
        t.circle(300, 35)
        #print(t.pos())

        # 左脸轮廓
        t.seth(240)
        t.circle(105, 95)
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(-105, 5)

        # 左手
        t.seth(210)
        t.circle(500, 18)
        t.seth(200)
        t.fd(10)
        t.seth(280)
        t.fd(7)
        t.seth(210)
        t.fd(10)
        t.seth(300)
        t.circle(10, 80)
        t.seth(220)
        t.fd(10)
        t.seth(300)
        t.circle(10, 80)
        t.seth(240)
        t.fd(12)
        t.seth(0)
        t.fd(13)
        t.seth(240)
        t.circle(10, 70)
        t.seth(10)
        t.circle(10, 70)
        t.seth(10)
        t.circle(300, 18)

        t.seth(75)
        t.circle(500, 8)
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(-500, 15)
        t.seth(250)
        t.circle(100, 65)

        # 左脚
        t.seth(320)
        t.circle(100, 5)
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(-100, 5)
        t.seth(220)
        t.circle(200, 20)
        t.circle(20, 70)

        t.seth(60)
        t.circle(-100, 20)
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(100, 20)
        t.seth(300)
        t.circle(10, 70)

        t.seth(60)
        t.circle(-100, 20)
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(100, 20)
        t.seth(10)
        t.circle(100, 60)

        # 横向
        t.seth(180)
        t.circle(-100, 10)
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(100, 10)
        t.seth(5)
        t.circle(100, 10)
        t.circle(-100, 40)
        t.circle(100, 35)
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(-100, 10)

        # 右脚
        t.seth(290)
        t.circle(100, 55)
        t.circle(10, 50)

        t.seth(120)
        t.circle(100, 20)
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(-100, 20)

        t.seth(0)
        t.circle(10, 50)

        t.seth(110)
        t.circle(100, 20)
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(-100, 20)

        t.seth(30)
        t.circle(20, 50)

        t.seth(100)
        t.circle(100, 40)

        # 右侧身体轮廓
        t.seth(200)
        t.circle(-100, 5)
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(100, 5)
        t.left(30)
        t.circle(100, 75)
        t.right(15)
        t.circle(-300, 21)
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(300, 3)

        # 右手
        t.seth(43)
        t.circle(200, 60)
        

        t.right(10)
        t.fd(10)

        t.circle(5, 160)
        t.seth(90)
        t.circle(5, 160)
        t.seth(90)

        
        t.fd(10)
        t.seth(90)
        t.circle(5, 180)
        t.fd(10)

        t.left(180)
        t.left(20)
        t.fd(10)
        t.circle(5, 170)
        t.fd(10)
        t.seth(240)
        t.circle(50, 30)

        
        t.end_fill()
        self.noTrace_goto(130, 125)
        t.seth(-20)
        t.fd(5)
        t.circle(-5, 160)
        t.fd(5)

        # 手指纹
        self.noTrace_goto(166, 130)
        t.seth(-90)
        t.fd(3)
        t.circle(-4, 180)
        t.fd(3)
        t.seth(-90)
        t.fd(3)
        t.circle(-4, 180)
        t.fd(3)

        # 尾巴
        self.noTrace_goto(168, 134)
        t.fillcolor('#F6D02F')
        t.begin_fill()
        t.seth(40)
        t.fd(200)
        t.seth(-80)
        t.fd(150)
        t.seth(210)
        t.fd(150)
        t.left(90)
        t.fd(100)
        t.right(95)
        t.fd(100)
        t.left(110)
        t.fd(70)
        t.right(110)
        t.fd(80)
        t.left(110)
        t.fd(30)
        t.right(110)
        t.fd(32)

        t.right(106)
        t.circle(100, 25)
        t.right(15)
        t.circle(-300, 2)
        ##############
        #print(t.pos())
        t.seth(30)
        t.fd(40)
        t.left(100)
        t.fd(70)
        t.right(100)
        t.fd(80)
        t.left(100)
        t.fd(46)
        t.seth(66)
        t.circle(200, 38)
        t.right(10)
        t.fd(10)
        t.end_fill()



        # 尾巴花纹 
        t.fillcolor('#923E24')
        self.noTrace_goto(126.82, -156.84)
        t.begin_fill()
        
        t.seth(30)
        t.fd(40)
        t.left(100)
        t.fd(40)
        t.pencolor('#923e24')
        t.seth(-30)
        t.fd(30)
        t.left(140)
        t.fd(20)
        t.right(150)
        t.fd(20)
        t.left(150)
        t.fd(20)
        t.right(150)
        t.fd(20)
        t.left(130)
        t.fd(18)
        t.pencolor('#000000')
        t.seth(-45)
        t.fd(67)
        t.right(110)
        t.fd(80)
        t.left(110)
        t.fd(30)
        t.right(110)
        t.fd(32)
        t.right(106)
        t.circle(100, 25)
        t.right(15)
        t.circle(-300, 2)
        t.end_fill()
        

        # 帽子、眼睛、嘴巴、脸颊
        self.cap(-134.07, 147.81)
        self.mouth(-5, 25)
        self.leftCheek(-126, 32)
        self.rightCheek(107, 63)
        self.colorLeftEar(-250, 100)
        self.colorRightEar(140, 270)
        self.leftEye(-85, 90)
        self.rightEye(50, 110)
        t.hideturtle()
        


    def cap(self, x, y):
        self.noTrace_goto(x, y)
        t = self.t
        t.fillcolor('#CD0000')
        t.begin_fill()
        t.seth(200)
        t.circle(400, 7)
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(-400, 30)
        t.circle(30, 60)
        t.fd(50)
        t.circle(30, 45)
        t.fd(60)
        t.left(5)
        t.circle(30, 70)
        t.right(20)
        t.circle(200, 70)
        t.circle(30, 60)
        t.fd(70)
        # print(t.pos())
        t.right(35)
        t.fd(50)
        t.circle(8, 100)
        t.end_fill()
        self.noTrace_goto(-168.47, 185.52)
        t.seth(36)
        t.circle(-270, 54)
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(270, 27)
        t.circle(-80, 98)

        t.fillcolor('#444444')
        t.begin_fill()
        t.left(180)
        t.circle(80, 197)
        t.left(58)
        t.circle(200, 45)
        t.end_fill()

        self.noTrace_goto(-58, 270)
        t.pencolor('#228B22')
        t.dot(35)

        self.noTrace_goto(-30, 280)
        t.fillcolor('#228B22')
        t.begin_fill()
        t.seth(100)
        t.circle(30, 180)
        t.seth(190)
        t.fd(15)
        t.seth(100)
        t.circle(-45, 180)
        t.right(90)
        t.fd(15)
        t.end_fill()
        t.pencolor('#000000')




    def start(self):
        self.body()



def main():
    print('Painting the Pikachu... ')
    turtle.screensize(800, 600)
    turtle.title('Pikachu')
    pikachu = Pikachu()
    pikachu.start()
    turtle.mainloop()
    

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()
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turtle绘制圣诞树

在这里插入图片描述
import turtle

screen = turtle.Screen()
screen.setup(800, 600)
circle = turtle.Turtle()
circle.shape('circle')
circle.color('red')
circle.speed('fastest')
circle.up()
square = turtle.Turtle()
square.shape('square')
square.color('green')
square.speed('fastest')
square.up()
circle.goto(0, 280)
circle.stamp()
k = 0
for i in range(1, 17):
    y = 30 * i
    for j in range(i - k):
        x = 30 * j
        square.goto(x, -y + 280)
        square.stamp()
        square.goto(-x, -y + 280)
        square.stamp()
    if i % 4 == 0:
        x = 30 * (j + 1)
        circle.color('red')
        circle.goto(-x, -y + 280)
        circle.stamp()
        circle.goto(x, -y + 280)
        circle.stamp()
        k += 2
    if i % 4 == 3:
        x = 30 * (j + 1)
        circle.color('yellow')
        circle.goto(-x, -y + 280)
        circle.stamp()
        circle.goto(x, -y + 280)
        circle.stamp()
square.color('brown')
for i in range(17, 20):
    y = 30 * i
    for j in range(3):
        x = 30 * j
        square.goto(x, -y + 280)
        square.stamp()
        square.goto(-x, -y + 280)
        square.stamp()
turtle.exitonclick()

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原创文章,作者:Zhu, Yuanyuan,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.yidc.net/archives/12055